标题：An Emerging Role for Circular RNAs in Osteoarthritis
作者：Yu, Chen-Xi; Sun, Shui
作者机构：[Yu, Chen-Xi; Sun, Shui] Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Dept Joint Surg, Jinan 250021, Shandong, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Sun, S]Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Dept Joint Surg, Jinan 250021, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
关键词：Circular RNAs; osteoarthritis; articular cartilage; silencing of; circRNAs
摘要：Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are currently classed as non-coding RNAs that, unlike the better known canonical linear RNAs, form a covalently closed continuous loop without 5' or 3' polarities. With the development of high throughput sequencing technology, a large number of circRNAs have been discovered in many species. More importantly, growing evidence suggests that circRNAs are abundant, evolutionally conserved, and relatively stable in cells and tissues. Strikingly, recent studies have discovered that circRNAs can serve as microRNA sponges, interact with RNA-binding protein, and regulate gene transcription, as well as protein translation. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic degenerative joint disease. CircRNAs are differentially expressed in OA cartilage. Moreover, some circRNAs are involved in multiple pathological processes during OA, mainly extracellular matrix degradation, inflammation, and apoptosis. In this review, we briefly delineate the biogenesis, characteristics, and biofunctions of circRNAs, and then, focus on the role of circRNAs in the occurrence and progression OA.