标题：Electrospun YMn2O5 nanofibers: A highly catalytic activity for NO oxidation
作者：Zhang, Tong ;Li, Hui ;Yang, Zhi ;Cao, Fengren ;Li, Liang ;Chen, Haijun ;Liu, Hui ;Xiong, Ka ;Wu, Jie ;Hong, Zhanglian ;Wang, Weichao
作者机构：[Zhang, Tong ;Li, Hui ;Yang, Zhi ;Chen, Haijun ;Liu, Hui ;Wang, Weichao ] Department of Electronics and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Photo-Electronic Thi 更多
来源：Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
摘要：Nanofiber catalysts are potentially promising to be equipped in the lean-burned vehicle exhaust emission system considering its facile synthesis, low-cost, long durability in contrast to the traditionally complicated powder based catalyst. Here, via electrospinning method, we synthesized YMn2O5 nanofibers (average diameter: ˜93 nm) including nanowire stacked with particles, and hollow tubes with or without inside nanowires. The morphologies remained even after hydrothermal aging at 800 ℃ for 10 h with 10% H2O stream. X-ray photoelectron spectrum revealed Mn4+/Mn3+ ratio 0.589 on the surface of YMn2O5 catalyst (YMO), indicating the existence of oxygen vacancies. The highest conversion of electrospun mullite fibers at 310 ℃ is ˜18% higher than powder-based YMO at 352 ℃ in the presence of 5% H2O at WHSV = 240,000 ml g−1 h−1. The extracted activation energy from NO-to-NO2 conversion curves of YMO nanofiber (61.68 kJ/mol) is slightly lower than that of powder-based mullite (91.45 kJ/mol), consistent with calculated 68.16 kJ/mol on the fiber YMO surface (121) with a rate-limiting step of the NO2 desorption. The catalytic activity can be attributed to the unit occupy of the eg (dz2 and dx2-y2) orbitals of Mn-dimer atoms around fermi level based on the combination of the theoretical calculations and DRIFTS spectra analysis. Importantly, after the hash hydrothermal-aging, the highest NO oxidation conversion of powder-based mullite is less than 50%, while the fiber maintains a conversion of 62%. Moreover, the fresh YMO fiber maintained superior oxidation stability for 12 h at its maximum conversion of 66%. This work provides the possibility for mullite oxide fibers to replace powder-based precious metal catalyst coating on monolith converter.
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