标题：Improvement in QEPAS system utilizing a second harmonic based wavelength calibration technique
作者：Zhang, Qinduan; Chang, Jun; Wang, Fupeng; Wang, Zongliang; Xie, Yulei; Gong, Weihua
作者机构：[Zhang, Qinduan; Chang, Jun; Wang, Fupeng; Xie, Yulei; Gong, Weihua] Shandong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chang, J]Shandong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Chang, J]Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Key Lab Laser Technol 更多
关键词：QEPAS system; Second harmonic; Wavelength calibration technique
摘要：A simple laser wavelength calibration technique, based on second harmonic signal, is demonstrated in this paper to improve the performance of quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) gas sensing system, e.g. improving the signal to noise ratio (SNR), detection limit and long-term stability. Constant current, corresponding to the gas absorption line, combining f/2 frequency sinusoidal signal are used to drive the laser (constant driving mode), a software based real-time wavelength calibration technique is developed to eliminate the wavelength drift due to ambient fluctuations. Compared to conventional wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS), this method allows lower filtering bandwidth and averaging algorithm applied to QEPAS system, improving SNR and detection limit. In addition, the real-time wavelength calibration technique guarantees the laser output is modulated steadily at gas absorption line. Water vapor is chosen as an objective gas to evaluate its performance compared to constant driving mode and conventional WMS system. The water vapor sensor was designed insensitive to the incoherent external acoustic noise by the numerical averaging technique. As a result, the SNR increases 12.87 times in wavelength calibration technique based system compared to conventional WMS system. The new system achieved a better linear response (R-2 = 0.9995) in concentration range from 300 to 2000 ppmv, and achieved a minimum detection limit (MDL) of 630 ppbv. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.