标题：Characterization of dislocation etch pits in HVPE-grown GaN using different wet chemical etching methods
作者：Zhang, Lei; Shao, Yongliang; Wu, Yongzhong; Hao, Xiaopeng; Chen, Xiufang; Qu, Shuang; Xu, Xiangang
作者机构：[Zhang, Lei; Shao, Yongliang; Wu, Yongzhong; Hao, Xiaopeng; Chen, Xiufang; Qu, Shuang; Xu, Xiangang] Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Jinan 2 更多
通讯作者地址：[Hao, XP]Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
关键词：Dislocation; Etch pits; Hydride vapor phase epitaxy; GaN
摘要：The hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) grown GaN samples were etched by H(3)PO(4), mixed solution of H(2)SO(4) and H(3)PO(4) (HH) and molten eutectic of KOH-NaOH (E), respectively. The etching characteristics and surface morphologies were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The density of etch pits obtained by E etching under optimum etching condition was around 3.0 x 10(8) cm(-2), which was consistent with the results obtained by the cathodoluminescence (CL) investigation. Two types of etch pits with different sizes were all revealed on the GaN surface using different etching methods. The large etch pits were formed on screw or mixed dislocations, while small etch pits were formed on edge dislocations. The difference in the size of etch pits was interpreted by Cabrera's thermodynamic theory. Prolonging etching time, the morphology changes of etch pits were different by using H(3)PO(4), HH and E. The etching rate by H(3)PO(4) etching was the fastest and that by E etching was the slowest. According to these etching results, it could be concluded that E etching was a better method for evaluation of dislocations. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.