标题：Estimation of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of granular soils from particle size parameters (Open Access)
作者：Wang, Ji-Peng ;Zhuang, Pei-Zhi ;Luan, Ji-Yuan ;Liu, Tai-Heng ;Tan, Yi-Ran ;Zhang, Jiong
作者机构：[Wang, Ji-Peng ;Luan, Ji-Yuan ;Liu, Tai-Heng ;Tan, Yi-Ran ;Zhang, Jiong ] School of Civil Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan; 250061, China;[Zhua 更多
摘要：Estimation of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity could benefit many engineering or research problems such as water flow in the vadose zone, unsaturated seepage and capillary barriers for underground waste isolation. The unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of a soil is related to its saturated hydraulic conductivity value as well as its water retention behaviour. By following the first author's previous work, the saturated hydraulic conductivity and water retention curve (WRC) of sandy soils can be estimated from their basic gradation parameters. In this paper, we further suggest the applicable range of the estimation method is for soils with d10 > 0.02mm and Cu < 20, in which d10 is the grain diameter corresponding to 10% passing and Cu is the coefficient of uniformity (Cu= d60/d10). The estimation method is also modified to consider the porosity variation effect. Then the proposed method is applied to predict unsaturated hydraulic conductivity properties of different sandy soils and also compared with laboratory and field test results. The comparison shows that the newly developed estimation method, which predicts the relative permeability of unsaturated sands from basic grain size parameters and porosity, generally has a fair agreement with measured data. It also indicates that the air-entry value is mainly relative to the mean grain size and porosity value change from the intrinsic value. The rate of permeability decline with suction is mainly associated with grain size polydispersity.
© 2019 by the authors.