标题：Optimal Scheduling of Active Distribution Networks with Fnergy Storage Systems Considering Environmental Cost
作者：Bao, Rongrong; Zhang, Wen
作者机构：[Bao, Rongrong; Zhang, Wen] Shandong Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Power Syst Intelligent Dispatch & Control, Jinan, Peoples R China.
会议名称：5th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT)
会议日期：NOV 26-29, 2015
来源：2015 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRIC UTILITY DEREGULATION AND RESTRUCTURING AND POWER TECHNOLOGIES (DRPT 2015)
关键词：economic and environmental indeves; energy storage system; distributed; generations; operation optimization; general algebraic modeling system
摘要：Along with the increasingly serious environmental issues, besides economic efficiency, much attention is paid to the environmental aspects in the daily dispatch of active distribution networks (ADN). This paper presents a comprehensive optimal model to minimize the economic cost and environmental cost. The damage cost from gas emissions and the uncertainty of renewable generations are taken into consideration. The charging and discharging strategy of energy storage systems (ESS) is a focus of the model. The general algebraic modeling system (GAMS) is used to solve this mixed-integer nonlinear problem. A modified 33-bus distribution network including photovoltaic (PV) systems and ESSs is employed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Simulation results under different scenarios, with and without PVs/ESSs, show that utilization of charging/discharging strategy of ESSs can decrease the economic cost through peak load shifting. Moreover, increasing the penetration of renewable generations leads to the decrease of total cost.