标题：Geometry and Dynamics in Heavy-Ion Collisions Seen by the Femtoscopy in the STAR Experiment
作者：Siejka, Sebastian; Adam, J.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, J. R.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I; A 更多
作者机构：[Drachenberg, J. L.] Warsaw Univ Technol, Warsaw, Poland.; [Siejka, Sebastian] SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Chem, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA.; [Drachenbe 更多
会议名称：27th International Conference on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter)
会议日期：MAY 13-19, 2018
来源：NUCLEAR PHYSICS A
关键词：femtoscopy; STAR; BES; correlations; heavy-ion collisions
摘要：The geometry and the dynamics of the particle-emitting source in high-energy heavy-ion collisions can be inferred via femtoscopy measurement. Two-particle correlations at small relative momentum exploit quantum statistics and the final-state interactions which allow one to study the space-time characteristics of the source of the order of 10(-15) m and 10(-23) s, respectively. The RHIC Beam Energy Scan (BES) program covers a significant part of the QCD Phase Diagram using collisions of Au nuclei at eight beam energies in the range from 7.7 to 200 GeV, covering the baryon-rich region, which can be studied via baryon femtoscopy. Thus, two-baryon measurements together with two-meson and meson-baryon correlations provide complementary information about the source characteristics.; In this proceedings, the STAR preliminary results on femtoscopic observables of various particle combinations of protons, pions and kaons from Au+Au collisions at BES energies are presented. Determining how the properties of the particle-emitting source depend on collision energy is an important step towards understanding the physics of heavy-ion collisions. The BES program provides the possibility to study the energy dependence of the source sizes for various collision centralities. In addition to the source size, the measurements of non-identical particle combinations provide information about space-time asymmetries in emission process.