标题：Effects of PdO modification on the performance of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells: A first principle study
作者：Wei, Mingrui; Li, Haizhao; Guo, Guanlun; Liu, Yihui; Zhang, Dongju
作者机构：[Wei, Mingrui; Li, Haizhao; Guo, Guanlun] Wuhan Univ Technol, Hubei Key Lab Adv Technol Automot Components, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, Peoples R China.; [ 更多
通讯作者地址：[Guo, GL]Wuhan Univ Technol, Hubei Key Lab Adv Technol Automot Components, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, Peoples R China;[Liu, YH]Hubei Collaborat Innovat Ctr 更多
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
关键词：PdO modification; LSCF cathode; First principle; Oxygen adsorption
摘要：Effects of palladium (Pd) impregnation on the performance of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta (LSCF) cathodes are investigated with density functional theory plus U (DFT + U) and experimental methods. In-situ high temperature X-ray diffractometer results show that the impregnated Pd species exist at states of palladium oxide (PdO) at 700 degrees C. The measured electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at 700 degrees C indicates PdO modification promotes the catalytic activity of LSCF cathodes. The modification structure of PdO on LSCF surfaces and effects of PdO modification on the performance of LSCF cathodes are investigated with DFT + U methods. The results show that B-8 with PdO molecule modification by a parallel posture on LSCF surface is the most stable structure. O-2 prefers to be adsorbed on AO-terminated surfaces rather than that on BO2-terminated ones. The oxygen surface adsorption activity of LSCF surface is improved by PdO modification. The calculated partial densities of states (PDOS) and Fermi level of O-2 adsorption on LSCF surfaces imply that the charge transfer is easier with PdO modification than that without PdO modification because PdO acts as a metal-like modification. The PdO modification on LSCF surface leads to a better oxygen surface adsorption activity of LSCF cathodes. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.