标题：Interplay of static and dynamic features in biomimetic smart ears
作者：Pannala, Mittu; Meymand, Sajjad Zeinoddini; Mueller, Rolf
作者机构：[Pannala, Mittu; Meymand, Sajjad Zeinoddini; Mueller, Rolf] Virginia Tech, Dept Mech Engn, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA.; [Mueller, Rolf] Shandong Univ, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Pannala, M]Virginia Tech, Dept Mech Engn, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA.
来源：BIOINSPIRATION & BIOMIMETICS
摘要：Horseshoe bats (family Rhinolophidae) have sophisticated biosonar systems with outer ears (pinnae) that are characterized by static local shape features as well as dynamic non-rigid changes to their overall shapes. Here, biomimetic prototypes fabricated from elastic rubber sheets have been used to study the impact of these static and dynamic features on the acoustic device characteristics. The basic shape of the prototypes was an obliquely truncated horn augmented with three static local shape features: vertical ridge, pinna-rim incision and frontal flap (antitragus). The prototype shape was deformed dynamically using a one-point actuation mechanism to produce a biomimetic bending of the prototype's tip. In isolation, the local shape features had little impact on the device beampattern. However, strong interactions were observed between these features and the overall deformation. The further the prototype tip was bent down, the stronger the beampatterns associated with combinations of multiple features differed from the upright configuration in the prominence of sidelobes. This behavior was qualitatively similar to numerical predictions for horseshoe bats. Hence, the interplay between static and dynamic features could be a bioinspired principle for affecting large changes through the dynamic manipulations of interactions that are sensitive to small geometrical changes.