标题：Coalitional Game Theoretic Approach for Cooperative Transmission in Vehicular Networks
作者：Zhang, Tian; Chen, Wei; Han, Zhu; Cao, Zhigang
作者机构：[Zhang, Tian; Chen, Wei; Cao, Zhigang] Tsinghua Univ, Dept Elect Engn, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.; [Zhang, Tian] Shandong Univ, Sch Informat S 更多
会议名称：IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)
会议日期：JUN 09-13, 2013
来源：2013 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONS (ICC)
摘要：Cooperative transmission in vehicular networks is studied by using coalitional game and pricing in this paper. There are several vehicles and roadside units (RSUs) in the networks. Each vehicle has a desire to transmit with a certain probability, which represents its data burtiness. The RSUs can enhance the vehicles' transmissions by cooperatively relaying the vehicles' data. We consider two kinds of cooperations: cooperation among the vehicles and cooperation between the vehicle and RSU. First, vehicles cooperate to avoid interfering transmissions by scheduling the transmissions of the vehicles in each coalition. Second, a RSU can join some coalition to cooperate the transmissions of the vehicles in that coalition. Moreover, due to the mobility of the vehicles, we introduce the notion of encounter between the vehicle and RSU to indicate the availability of the relay in space. To stimulate the RSU's cooperative relaying for the vehicles, the pricing mechanism is applied. A non-transferable utility (NTU) game is developed to analyze the behaviors of the vehicles and RSUs. The stability of the formulated game is studied. Finally, we present and discuss the numerical results for the 2-vehicle and 2-RSU scenario, and the numerical results verify the theoretical analysis.