标题：Water extract of ginseng and astragalus regulates macrophage polarization and synergistically enhances DDP's anticancer effect
作者：Chen, Yingna; Bi, Lei; Luo, Huijuan; Jiang, Yucui; Chen, Feiyan; Wang, Yunshan; Wei, Guangwei; Chen, Weiping
作者机构：[Chen, Yingna; Bi, Lei; Luo, Huijuan; Jiang, Yucui; Chen, Feiyan; Chen, Weiping] Nanjing Univ Chinese Med, Sch Preclin Med, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, P 更多
通讯作者：Bi, L;Chen, WP
通讯作者地址：[Bi, L; Chen, WP]Nanjing Univ Chinese Med, Sch Preclin Med, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
关键词：Water extract of ginseng and astragalus (WEGA); Tumor-associated; macrophages (TAMs); Macrophage polarization; Cytokine; Traditional; chinese medicine (TCM)
摘要：Ethnopharmacological relevance: In traditional Chinese medicine, supplementing Qi and strengthening body resistance are an important principle of anticancer treatment. Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. (ginseng) and Astragalus membranaceus Bunge (astragalus) are the representative herbs for this therapeutic principle.; Aim of the study: This study aims to explore the effect of the water extract of ginseng and astragalus (WEGA) on regulating macrophage polarization and mediating anticancer in the tumor microenvironment.; Materials and methods: A549 cells were cultured in tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) supernatant with various concentrations of WEGA (0, 5, 10, 20 mg/mL). A549 cell proliferation was determined through methyl thiazole tetrazolium (MTT) assay and real-time cell analysis (RTCA), respectively. In vivo experiments were performed with a Lewis lung cancer (LLC) xenograft mouse model. Forty-eight mice were divided into six groups and treated with saline, WEGA, or cis-diamine dichloro platinum (DDP) with dosage of WEGA (0, 30, 60, 120 mg/kg body weight/day). The different groups were administered with drugs via oral or intraperitoneal injection once a day for 21 consecutive days. Tumor inhibition rate, spleen index, thymus index, cytokine, protein, and mRNA expression levels were detected in mice.; Results: In a co-culture system, WEGA remarkably inhibited A549 cell proliferation, promoted the expression of M1 macrophage markers and inhibited M2 TAMs markers. Therefore, WEGA affected the biological behavior of cancer cells by regulating the expression of some markers relevant to macrophage polarization. In addition, the group of WEGA and DDP chemotherapy effectively inhibited the transplanted tumor growth in mice and improved weight loss and immunosuppressive with the cisplatin inducing.; Conclusions: This study provides mechanistic insights into the anticancer effect of WEGA through the regulation of macrophage polarization and highlights that WEGA could be a novel option for integrative cancer therapies.