标题：Furazolidone-containing triple and quadruple eradication therapy for initial treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection: A multicenter randomized controlled trial in China
作者：Xie, Yong; Zhang, Zhenyu; Hong, Junbo; Liu, Wenzhong; Lu, Hong; Du, Yiqi; Wang, Weihong; Xu, Jianming; Wang, Xuehong; Huo, Lijuan; 更多 作者机构：[Xie, Yong; Hong, Junbo; Zhu, Yin; Shu, Xu; Lu, Nonghua] Nanchang Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Gastroenterol, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China.; 更多
通讯作者：Lu, NH;Wang, JB;Chen, Y
通讯作者地址：[Lu, NH]Nanchang Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Gastroenterol, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China;[Wang, JB]Jilin Univ, China Japan Union Hosp, Dept Ga 更多
关键词：furazolidone; Helicobacter pylori; quadruple therapy; triple therapy
摘要：BackgroundThe efficacy of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) eradication has steadily declined, primarily because of antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of furazolidone eradication therapies as initial treatments for H.pylori infection.; MethodsA national, multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial was performed at 16 sites across 13 provinces in China to evaluate the efficacy and safety of furazolidone-containing therapies for H.pylori infection. Treatment naive patients were randomly assigned to: esomeprazole 20mg, bismuth 220mg, amoxicillin 1000mg, and furazolidone 100mg twice daily for 10 and 7days (FAB 10 and FAB 7; the same therapy without bismuth (FA 10 and FA 7). The primary and secondary outcomes were the eradication rate and regimen safety, respectively. Treatment success was assessed by the C-13 urea breath test at least 4weeks after treatment completion.; ResultsOverall, according to intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis, the eradication rates for FAB 10 and FAB 7 were 86.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 79.9%-93.2%) and 83.6% (95% CI, 76.3%-90.9%) and for FA 10 and FA 7 were 82.4% (95% CI, 74.9%-89.8%) and 77.6% (95% CI, 69.4%-85.8%), respectively. According to per-protocol analysis, the overall eradication rates for FAB 10 and FAB 7 were 94.7% (95% CI, 90.3%-99.1%) and 90.8% (95% CI, 85.1%-96.5%) and for FA 10 and FA 7 were 90.6% (95% CI, 84.9%-96.3%) and 85.1% (95% CI, 78.2%-92.1%), respectively. The overall prevalence of side effects was 8.1%.; ConclusionsFurazolidone-containing therapies, particularly the tested 10-day quadruple therapy, exhibited satisfactory efficacy and safety. This 10-day quadruple therapy represents a promising initial treatment strategy for Chinese patients.