标题：Superior electric double layer capacitors using ordered mesoporous carbons
作者：Xing, W; Qiao, SZ; Ding, RG; Li, F; Lu, GQ; Yan, ZF; Cheng, HM
作者机构：[Xing, W; Qiao, SZ; Ding, RG; Li, F; Lu, GQ; Yan, ZF; Cheng, HM]Univ Queensland, Sch English, ARC Ctr Funct Nanomat, Brisbane, Qld 4072, A 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yan, ZF]Univ Queensland, Sch English, ARC Ctr Funct Nanomat, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.
关键词：porous carbon; pyrolysis; X-ray diffraction; electrochemical properties
摘要：This paper reports for the first time superior electric double layer capacitive properties of ordered mesoporous carbon (OMCs) with varying ordered pore symmetries and mesopore structure. Compared to commercially used activated carbon electrode, Maxsorb, these OMC carbons have superior capacitive behavior, power output and high-frequency performance in EDLCs due to the unique structure of their mesopore network, which is more favorable for fast ionic transport than the pore networks in disordered microporous carbons. As evidenced by N-2 sorption, cyclic voltammetry and frequency response measurements, OMC carbons with large mesopores, and especially with 2-D pore symmetry, show superior capacitive behaviors (exhibiting a high capacitance of over 180 F/g even at very high sweep rate of 50 mV/s, as compared to much reduced capacitance of 73 F/g for Maxsorb at the same sweep rate). OMC carbons can provide much higher power density while still maintaining good energy density. OMC carbons demonstrate excellent high-frequency performances due to its higher surface area in pores larger than 3 nm. Such ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) offer a great potential in EDLC capacitors, particularly for applications where high power output and good high-frequency capacitive performances are required. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.