标题：Partially Reducing Reaction Tailored Mesoporous 3D Carbon Coated NiCo-NiCoO2/Carbon Xerogel Hybrids as Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Battery with Enhanced Electrochemical Performance
作者：Zhang, Zhiwei; Li, Qun; Li, Zhaoqiang; Ma, Jingyun; Li, Caixia; Yin, Longwei; Gao, Xueping
作者机构：[Zhang, Zhiwei; Li, Qun; Li, Zhaoqiang; Ma, Jingyun; Li, Caixia; Yin, Longwei; Gao, Xueping] Shandong Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Key Lab Liquid Solid S 更多
通讯作者：Yin, LW;Gao, XP
通讯作者地址：[Yin, LW; Gao, XP]Shandong Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Key Lab Liquid Solid Struct Evolut & Proc Mat, Minist Educ, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
关键词：xerogel; metal oxide; hybrids; lithium ion battery; microstructure
摘要：A facile sol-gel polymerization and impregnation route is developed to large-scale fabricate the novel mesoporous 3D interconnected NiCo-NiCoO2/carbon xerogel (CX) hybrids with a homogeneous carbon coating layer on the surface of NiCo andNiCoO(2) nanoparticles, the metallic NiCo nanoparticles are introduced in the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids via a partially reducing chemical reaction at a high annealing temperature. The mesoporous 3D interconnected NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids show significantly improved electrochemical performance of high reversible capacity, high -rate capability, and excellent cycling performance as anode electrode materials for Lithium ion batteries (LIBs). After 100 cycles, the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids anode can still get a reversible capacity of 861 mAh g 1 at current density of 100 mA g (1), which is 2.8 and 1.9 times higher than that of the CX (305 mAh g 1) andNiCoO(2)/CX hybrid (456 mAh g (1)), respectively. The greatly enhanced electrochemical lithium ion storage performance of the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids can be attributed to their unique microstructure characteristics. The elastic nature of CX matrices and carbon layer coating on the surfaces of NiCo andNiCoO(2) nanoparticles, renders the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids very effective in accommodating the volume strain. The highly dispersed NiCo particles display catalytic effect, greatly improve the kinetics of charge -discharge process of the composite anode as the following reaction of NiCo + 2Li(2)O H Nio + CoO + 4Lr+ 4e. The introduction of metallic NiCo can effectively facilitate the decomposition of Li2O and the SEI during the charge -discharge process, thus greatly enhance the electrochemical performance. Secondly, the presence of NiCo in the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX composite anode can greatly improve the electron conductivity, thus charge transfer kinetics of the composite anode for LIBs. EIS result can well confirm this result. While the homogeneous distribution ofNiCoO(2) with high theoretical capacity in the porous CX matrices, effectively reduces the active sites of the CX matrices, resulting in higher reversible capacity of the NiCo-NiCoO2/CX hybrids. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.