标题：Relationship between 24-hour urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure in the adult population in Shandong, China
作者：Han, Weizhong; Wang, Wei; Sun, Ningling; Li, Min; Chen, Lianghua; Jiang, Shiliang; Chen, Yunchao; Han, Xiao
作者机构：[Han, Weizhong; Wang, Wei; Li, Min; Chen, Lianghua; Jiang, Shiliang] Shandong First Med Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp,De 更多
通讯作者地址：[Han, X]Shandong Univ, Dept Shandong Canc Hosp, 440 Jiyan Rd, Jinan 250117, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF CLINICAL HYPERTENSION
关键词：blood pressure; hypertension; salt intake; urinary sodium
摘要：The main objective of this study was to determine baseline salt intake levels in a sample of the adult population of Shandong province and to establish the relationship between urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure. A total of 512 participants were recruited, and all the participants provided complete 24-hour urine collections. Physical assessment and socioeconomic status of participants were collected at the same time. The mean 24-hour urinary sodium excretion of all subjects was 228.0 +/- 127.5 mmol/24 hours. Estimated salt intake was higher in obese subjects (17.6 +/- 8.8 g/d) compared with overweight subjects (15.6 +/- 8.0 g/d) and those with a normal BMI (13.9 +/- 6.8 g/d). Likewise, urinary sodium excretion of hypertensive participants was dramatically higher than that of non-hypertensive ones, the equivalent of 18.2 +/- 9.1 g/d vs 13.3 +/- 6.8 g/d. Urinary sodium was significantly associated with SBP (beta = 1.08, P = .018) after adjustment for potential confounders. In summary, we found significantly high levels of salt intake in Shandong Province, particularly in obese and hypertension subjects. It is quite important to improve public education about reducing salt intake to control blood pressure among Shandong people.