标题：Composition dependent cation distribution in ZnxGa2O3+x nanocrystals
作者：Li, Nannan; Zhu, Pengfei; Duan, Xiulan
作者机构：[Li, Nannan; Zhu, Pengfei; Duan, Xiulan] Shandong Univ, Inst Crystal Mat, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Duan, XL]Shandong Univ, Inst Crystal Mat, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER
关键词：Nanostructures; Luminescence; Microstructure; Photoelectron; spectroscopy; Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
摘要：ZnxGa2O3+x (0.8 <= x <= 1.1) nanocrystals with the size of 15-30 nm were prepared by the sol-gel method. The effect of composition (Zn/Ga ratio) on the distribution of Zn2+ and Ga3+ ions was studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Both of these cations occupied tetrahedral sites as well as octahedral sites of spinel structure in the studied samples. Octahedral Ga3+ ions are dominant and the as-synthesized samples are partially inverse spinel-structure. The fraction of tetrahedral Ga3+ ions was calculated to be 0.07-0.16, and increased with Zn/Ga ratio increasing. The inverse parameter (two times the fraction of Ga3+ in the tetrahedral sites) increases from 0.14 to 0.32 when x value increases from 0.8 to 1.1. The EPR and emission spectra indicated that oxygen vacancies formed in the nanocrystals. The emission intensity of the peak due to oxygen vacancies decreased with increasing Zn/Ga ratio, indicating the decreasing of the concentration of oxygen vacancy.