标题：The Role of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen in Nucleos(t)ide Analogues Cessation Among Asian Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B: A Systematic Review
作者：Liu, Jiaye; Li, Tao; Zhang, Li; Xu, Aiqiang
作者机构：[Liu, Jiaye; Zhang, Li; Xu, Aiqiang] Shandong Univ, Acad Prevent Med, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Liu, Jiaye; Zhang, Li; Xu, Aiqiang] Shando 更多
通讯作者地址：[Liu, JY]Shandong Prov Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, 16992 Jingshi Rd, Jinan 250014, Shandong, Peoples R China.
摘要：In actual clinical practice, infinite nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) treatment for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is unrealistic. The most commonly used endpoint is suppression of HBV DNA to undetectable levels with normalization of alanine aminotransferase. However, this criterion for cessation of treatment is associated with various incidences of virological and clinical relapse. Recent studies suggest that decreasing the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level at the end of treatment (EOT) to an appropriate cut-off value appears to be a practicable and attainable cessation criterion. We performed a systematic review to explore the optimal cut-off value of HBsAg at EOT for the cessation of NAs treatment. Eleven studies with 1,716 patients were included in this review. When the HBsAg levels at EOT were 100 IU/mL, the respective off-therapy virological relapse rates were 9.1%-19.6% (range) and 31.4%-86.8% (range) at >= 12 months off therapy, regardless of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status; the respective off-therapy clinical relapse rates were 15.4%-29.4% (range) and 48.1%-63.6% (range) at >= 12 months off therapy, regardless of HBeAg status; and the respective off-therapy HBsAg loss rates were 21.1%-58.8% (range) and 3.3%-7.4% (range) for HBeAg-negative patients at >= 39 months off therapy. Conclusion: Cessation of long-term NAs therapy before HBsAg seroclearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B is a feasible alternative to indefinite treatment. An HBsAg level <100 IU/mL at EOT seems to be a useful marker for deciding when to discontinue NAs therapy. However, regular monitoring is required after the cessation of NAs treatment, and long-term outcomes must be further evaluated.