标题：Primary pulmonary hepatoid adenocarcinoma A case report and review of the literature
作者：Yang, Kun; Jiang, Huifeng; Li, Qiuyao
作者机构：[Yang, Kun] Qingdao Univ, Cent Lab, Affiliated Hosp, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Jiang, Huifeng; Li, Qiuyao] Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Dep 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, QY]Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Dept Pathol, 758 Hefei Rd, Qingdao 266000, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：alpha-fetoprotein; clinical feature; diagnostic criteria; hepatoid; adenocarcinoma; immunohistochemistry; lung
摘要：Rationale: Hepatoid adenocarcinoma of lung (HAL) is a rare malignant tumor, which can be defined as a primary alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing lung carcinoma. The majority of hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) expressed AFP in tumor cells, but AFP expression is not required for its diagnosis according to the modified diagnostic criteria. Despite that HAC exhibits a poor prognosis and ineffective treatment options, early diagnosis and aggressive treatment can result in long-term survival.; Patient concerns: We report a 70-year-old Chinese male patient with alcoholic intake over 30 years and smoking history of 60 cigarettes per day for 40 years. He sought medical consultation for productive cough and hemoptysis sputum.; Diagnoses and interventions: Chest CT scan revealed a mass (6.4 similar to 5.5cm) in the left lower lobe of the lung. The patient underwent curative surgical resection, and subsequently diagnosed as HAL.; Outcomes: Eighteen months after primary diagnosis, the patient died of multiple organ failure caused by distant metastases.; Lessons: Familiarizing with the clinical features and modified diagnostic criteria of this rare tumor may increase awareness of the disease among clinicians and pathologists, thereby avoiding misdiagnosis and mistreatment.