标题：Synchronous removal of CuO nanoparticles and Cu2+ by polyaluminum chloride-Enteromorpha polysaccharides: Effect of Al species and pH
作者：Luo, Yuanxia ;Gao, Baoyu ;Wang, Jie ;Yue, Qinyan
作者机构：[Luo, Yuanxia ;Gao, Baoyu ;Wang, Jie ;Yue, Qinyan ] Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Sci 更多
来源：Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
摘要：Copper oxide nanomaterials have been extensively applied and can have serious impacts when discharged into the aquatic environment, especially when complexed with humic acid (HA) to form composite contaminants. As an innovative recycled coagulant aid, Enteromorpha polysaccharides (Ep) were associated with polyaluminum chloride (PACl) (denoted as PACl-Ep) to simultaneously remove CuO nanoparticles, Cu2+ and HA in this study. The influence of different Al species coagulants (AlCl3, PAClb and PAClc) and water pH on coagulation performance, floc properties and reaction mechanisms was investigated in detail. Results showed that in the three PACl-Ep systems, PAClb-Ep gave the highest removal efficiencies for turbidity and Cu2+, and the best UV254 removal effect was reached by using PAClc-Ep. Higher contents of Alb and Alc contributed to great coagulation performance because of their stronger bridging and sweeping effects. For all the Al species coagulants, alkalescent conditions were more conducive to removing Cu and HA compared to acidic conditions. Additionally, smaller and more agminated flocs with great recovery ability were formed by PAClb-Ep and PAClc-Ep systems (bridging and enmeshment effects cooperated with the chelated reticular structure formed by the Ep and Al species). Similarly, due to the increased hydrolysis and hydroxide precipitates, flocs formed under the condition of alkalescence were smaller, denser and stronger compared with weakly acidic conditions.