标题：Spontaneous rotational dislocation of the lumbar spine in type 1 neurofibromatosis A case report and literature review
作者：Jia, Fei; Cui, Xingang; Wang, Guodong; Liu, Xiaoyang; Sun, Jianmin
作者机构：[Jia, Fei; Cui, Xingang; Wang, Guodong; Liu, Xiaoyang; Sun, Jianmin] Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Dept Spine, 9677 Jingshi Rd, Jinan, Shandong, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Sun, JM]Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Dept Spine, 9677 Jingshi Rd, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：lumbar; neurofibromatosis; rotational dislocation; spine; surgery
摘要：Rationale: Scoliosis is the most common form of dystrophic spinal deformities in type 1 neurofibromatosis, whereas a spontaneous rotational dislocation of the lumbar spine is a rare entity. Former researchers had advocated the use of circumferential fusion performed through combined anterior-posterior approaches as the mode of treatment of this situation, but we managed to achieve a solid circumferential fusion equally using posterior approach alone.; Patient concerns: A 51-year-old lady presented with severe back pain and no history of trauma, fever, or loss of weight. On examination, she showed several cafe-au-lait spots on her body and no neurologic deficit.; Diagnoses: The imageology revealed a rotational dislocation of the L2 to L3. The diagnosis of neurofibroma was confirmed by biopsy.; Interventions: The patient underwent posterior reduction, combined intervertebral-posterolateral fusion, and internal fixation with screws and rods.; Outcomes: The patient was satisfied with the back pain relief after surgery and able to live a normal life at follow-up. The imageology showed a good correction of the deformity with a solid bony fusion.; Lessons: Special attention must be paid to patients who have neurofibromatosis and unexplained back pain for early diagnosis. Early circumferential fusion to reconstruct a stable spine is the key to treatment. Given the result of this case, the prognosis is promising following posterior surgery alone.