标题：Predictors of Intention to Use Condoms Among Chinese College Students
作者：Guo, Ruiling; McAleese, Willis J.; Appleby, Karen M.; Guo, Jianhui; Zhang, Wei; Huang, Yi; Peterson, Teri
作者机构：[Guo, Ruiling] Idaho State Univ, Idaho Hlth Sci Lib, Pocatello, ID 83209 USA.; [McAleese, Willis J.] Idaho State Univ, Kasiska Sch Hlth Profess, Poc 更多
通讯作者地址：[Guo, RL]Idaho State Univ, Idaho Hlth Sci Lib, 921 South 9th Ave, Pocatello, ID 83209 USA.
来源：JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
关键词：Condom use; Human immunodeficiency virus; Theory of planned behavior;; Sexual behavior; Chinese college students
摘要：China is experiencing one of the fastest growing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in the world. Condom use is consistently low among Chinese college students. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors that determine the intention to use condoms among Chinese college students applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB). A non-probability convenience sample of 433 participants was drawn from three universities in Central, Eastern, and Southwestern China, respectively. An anonymous written questionnaire was self-administered. Data were collected and analyzed descriptively and statistically using Predictive Analytical Software 19.0. Multiple linear regression was performed to identify the predictors among 402 participants with non-missing data. Eighteen percent (78/433) of the participants reported being sexually active in the past 6 months. The percentage of times these individuals reported using condoms during intercourse was 38.19 %. Intention to use condoms was statistically significantly (R-2 = 50.4 %) predicted by attitudes (beta = 0.213), subjective norms (beta = 0.259), and perceived behavior control (PBC) (beta = 0.332). All predictors were statistically significant at the 0.001 level (p < 0.001). PBC was the strongest predictor of intention to use condoms. The study findings indicated that the TPB could be used as a framework to determine the predictors of intention to use condoms among the Chinese college students. It is recommended that the HIV education programs should increase the intention to use condoms through promoting positive attitudes, subjective norms and PBC of condom use in Chinese college students.