标题：Protein phosphatase 2AC alpha gene knock-out results in cortical atrophy through activating hippo cascade in neuronal progenitor cells
作者：Liu, Bo; Sun, Li-Hua; Huang, Yan-Fei; Guo, Li-Jun; Luo, Li-Shu
作者机构：[Liu, Bo] Univ Maryland, Dept Head & Surg, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.; [Sun, Li-Hua; Luo, Li-Shu] Jilin Univ, Sch Med, Dept Surg, Changchun 1 更多
通讯作者地址：[Luo, LS]Jilin Univ, Sch Med, Dept Surg, Changchun 130012, Jilin, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & CELL BIOLOGY
关键词：Neurodegeneration; Cerebral cortex; Neuroprojenitor cell; Hippo cascade;; Transcription
摘要：Protein phosphatase 2AC alpha (PP2AC alpha), a vital member of the protein phosphatase family, has been studied primarily as a regulator for the development, growth and protein synthesis of a lot of cell types. Dysfunction of PP2AC alpha protein results in neurodegenerative disease; however, this finding has not been directly confirmed in the mouse model with PP2AC alpha gene knock-out. Therefore, in this study presented here, we generated the PP2AC alpha gene knock-out mouse model by the Cre-loxP targeting gene system, with the purpose to directly observe the regulatory role of PP2AC alpha gene in the development of mouse's cerebral cortex. We observe that knocking-out PP2AC alpha gene in the central nervous system (CNS) results in cortical neuronal shrinkage, synaptic plasticity impairments, and learning/memory deficits. Further study reveals that PP2AC alpha gene knock-out initiates Hippo cascade in cortical neuroprogenitor cells (NPCs), which blocks YAP translocation into the nuclei of NPCs. Notably, p73, directly targeted by Hippo cascade, can bind to the promoter of glutaminase2 (GLS2) that plays a dominant role in the enzymatic regulation of glutamate/glutamine cycle. Finally, we find that PP2AC alpha gene knock-out inhibits the glutamine synthesis through up-regulating the activity of phosphorylated-p73 in cortical NPCs. Taken together, it concludes that PP2AC alpha critically supports cortical neuronal growth and cognitive function via regulating the signaling transduction of Hippo-p73 cascade. And PP2AC alpha indirectly modulates the glutamine synthesis of cortical NPCs through targeting p73 that plays a direct transcriptional regulatory role in the gene expression of GLS2.