标题：Growth-differentiation factor-15 predicts adverse cardiac events in patients with acute coronary syndrome: A meta-analysis
作者：Wang, Yabo; Zhen, Chao; Wang, Rui; Wang, Ge
作者机构：[Wang, Yabo; Wang, Ge] Shandong Univ Qingdao, Dept Emergency, Qilu Hosp, 758 Hefei St, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhen, Chao] Qingdao Uni 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, G]Shandong Univ Qingdao, Dept Emergency, Qilu Hosp, 758 Hefei St, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
关键词：STEMI; Unstable angina; Acute coronary syndrome; Growth-differentiation; factor-15; Meta-analysis
摘要：Background: We aimed to analyse the association between high-level growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and mortality, recurrent MI and heart failure compared to low-level GDF-15 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).; Methods: PubMed and EMBASE were searched from their commencement to December 2017 for qualified studies that evaluated the associations between GDF-15 and ACS. Risk ratios were synthesized with random effect meta-analysis. Publication bias and sensitivity analyses were also conducted.; Results: A total of thirteen studies and 43,547 participants were analyzed systematically in our meta-analysis. Our study showed a significant association between GDF-15 values and mortality (p = 0.000, RR = 6.75, 95% CI = 5.81-7.84) and recurrent MI (p = 0.000, RR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.72-2.21) in the overall analyses. Subgroup analyses revealed similar results. However, there was evidence of heterogeneity in the study of heart failure, whose overall RR was 6.66, with an I-2 of 87.3%.; Conclusion: There was a significant association between high-level GDF-15 and mortality, recurrent MI in patients with ACS. We need more data to research the risk stratification of heart failure in ACS patients in the future. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.