标题：Nonlinear quality indices based on a novel Lempel-Ziv complexity for assessing quality of multi-lead ECGs collected in real time
作者：Zhang, Yatao ;Ma, Zhenguo ;Dong, Wentao
作者机构：[Zhang, Yatao ] School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, China;[Ma, Zhenguo ] School of Computer Science and Technology, 更多
来源：Journal of Information Processing Systems
关键词：Complexity; ECG quality assessment; Encoding LZ complexity; Entropy
摘要：We compared a novel encoding Lempel-Ziv complexity (ELZC) with three common complexity algorithms i.e., approximate entropy (ApEn), sample entropy (SampEn), and classic Lempel-Ziv complexity (CLZC) so as to determine a satisfied complexity and its corresponding quality indices for assessing quality of multi-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). First, we calculated the aforementioned algorithms on six artificial time series in order to compare their performance in terms of discerning randomness and the inherent irregularity within time series. Then, for analyzing sensitivity of the algorithms to content level of different noises within the ECG, we investigated their change trend in five artificial synthetic noisy ECGs containing different noises at several signal noise ratios. Finally, three quality indices based on the ELZC of the multi-lead ECG were proposed to assess the quality of 862 real 12-lead ECGs from the MIT databases. The results showed the ELZC could discern randomness and the inherent irregularity within six artificial time series, and also reflect content level of different noises within five artificial synthetic ECGs. The results indicated the AUCs of three quality indices of the ELZC had statistical significance (>0.500). The ELZC and its corresponding three indices were more suitable for multi-lead ECG quality assessment than the other three algorithms. © 2020 KIPS. © Korea Information Processing Society .