标题：Study on crack sensitivity and tribological characterisation of functionally gradient material multi-layer by laser cladding with powder mixture of Ni-based alloy and tungsten carbide
作者：Zhao, Yanhua; Sun, Jie; Li, Jianfeng
作者机构：[Sun, Jie] Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.; Shandong Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab High Efficiency & Clean Mech Manufactur 更多
通讯作者地址：[Sun, J]Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURFACE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
关键词：laser cladding; microstructure; crack sensitivity; wear resistance;; functionally gradient material multi-layer
摘要：Laser cladding, which can increase the hardness and wear resistance of the used components, is widely used in remanufacture and sustainable manufacturing field. Ni-based alloy cladding layer including hard particles such as tungsten carbides can effectively improve the properties of the used parts. However, with the WC weight fraction increasing, the coating becomes brittle, and the brittle crack easily occurs. Based on this, the powder mixture of Ni-based alloy and tungsten carbide (WC) in the range of 5 wt%-47 wt% WC fraction with functionally gradient material multi-layer cladding (FGMMLC) were deposited on AISI 1045 steel plates by laser cladding. The influence of WC weight fraction on the crack sensitivity in FGMMLC coating was investigated. The microstructure, phase constitution, microhardness and wear resistance of the cladding layer were investigated. The results showed the FGMMCL coating was free of cracks due to the slowly changing of thermal expansion coefficient of each layer. The hardness and wear resistance of FGMMLC coating were significantly improved because of the existence of numerous WC particles.