标题：Improved microbial fuel cell performance by encapsulating microbial cells with a nickel-coated sponge
作者：Liu, Xueying; Du, Xiaoyu; Wang, Xia; Li, Naiqiang; Xu, Ping; Ding, Yi
作者机构：[Liu, Xueying; Du, Xiaoyu; Wang, Xia; Xu, Ping] Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Microbial Technol, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.; [Ding, Yi] Shandong 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, X]Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Microbial Technol, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS
关键词：Microbial fuel cells; Nickel-coated sponge; Biofilm; Macro-porous; structure
摘要：Development of novel anodic materials that could facilitate microbial biofilm formation, substrate transfer, and electron transfer is vital to enhance the performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this work, nickel-coated sponge, as a novel and inexpensive material with an open three-dimensional macro-porous structure, was employed as an anode to encapsulate microbial cells. Compared with planar carbon paper, the nickel-coated sponge did not only offer a high surface area to facilitate microbial cells attachment and colonization but also supported sufficient substrate transfer and electron transfer due to multiplexed and highly conductive pathways. As expected, the resulting nickel-coated sponge biofilm demonstrated excellent electrochemical activity and power output stability during electricity generation processes. A higher maximum power density of 996 mW m(-2) and a longer, more stable electricity generation period were achieved with the nickel-coated sponge biofilm than previously reported results. Notably, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal reached 90.3% in the anode chamber, suggesting that the nickel-coated sponge is a highly promising anodic material and an efficient immobilization method for the fabrication of MFCs. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.