标题：Solution-processable ambipolar organic field-effect transistor based on Co-planar bisphthalocyaninato copper
作者：Yan Shi;Xiyou Li
作者机构：[Shi, Y] Department of Chemistry, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China;[ Li, X] Department of Chemistry, Ministry of Educat 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, XY]Shandong Univ, Dept Chem, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Minist Educ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
摘要：A soluble binuclear phthalocyaninato copper (II) complex, Cu_2[Pc(COOC_8H_(17))_6]_2 (1), with planar molecular structure and extended conjugation system, has been designed and synthesized. By fusing two phthalocyanine rings side by side and introducing electron withdrawing groups at periphery positions, the energy levels of HOMO and LUMO have been tuned successfully into the range of an air-stable ambipolar organic semiconductor required as revealed by the electrochemical studies. With the help of a solution-based quasi-Langmuir–Sh?fer (QLS) method, thin solid films of this compound were fabricated and organic field effect transistors (OFETs) based on these QLS thin solid films were constructed. Because of the promising electrochemical properties as well as the high ordered packing structure of the molecules in the thin solid films, the OFETs performed excellent ambipolar operating properties, with the electron and hole mobility in air as high as 1.7 × 10~(-1) and 2.3 × 10~(-4) cm~2 V~(-1) s~(-1), respectively. For comparison purpose, mononuclear compound Cu[Pc(COOC8H17)8] (2) was comparatively studied. The QLS thin solid films of this compound possess similar ordered structure with that of Cu_2[Pc(COOC_8H_(17))_6]_2 (1), but the OFETs based on the thin solid films of this compound can only show n-type properties under nitrogen atmosphere with an extremely small electron mobility of 1.6 × 10~(-4) cm~2 V~(-1) s~(-1). This result suggests that extension on the conjugation system of an aromatic compound with multiple electron withdrawing groups can tune the molecule into an air stable ambipolar organic semiconductor.