标题：Impact of socioeconomic development on ecosystem services and its conservation strategies: a case study of Shandong Province, China
作者：Shujun Wang;Jian Liu;Renqing Wang;Zirong Ni;Shipeng Xu;Yueyao Sun
作者机构：[Wang, S] School of Economics, Shandong University, 250100 Jinan, China, Bureau of Water Resources of Linyi City, 276001 Linyi, China;[ Liu, J] Instit 更多
通讯作者地址：[Sun, YY]Shandong Univ, Sch Econ, 27 Shandanan Rd, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：Environmental Monitoring and Assessment: An International Journal
关键词：ecosystem services function regions;ecosystem services value;natural reserves;payments for ecosystem services;shandong province;sustainable development
摘要：Ecosystems and their components provide a lot of benefits for the welfare of human beings. Coupled with increasing socioeconomic development, most of the rapidly developing and transitional countries and regions have been experiencing dramatic land use changes. This has resulted in a large amount of forestland, grassland, and wetland being occupied as residential and industrial land or reclaimed for arable land, which in turn results in a sharp deterioration of ecosystem services around the world. Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, was chosen as a case study in order to capture the impact of socioeconomic development on ecosystem services. By way of the study, land uses and their changes were categorized between 1980 and 2006, and the ecosystem services capital and changes of 111 counties of Shandong Province in different phases were evaluated, as well as the total ecosystem services capital, followed by the zoning of ecosystem services function region of Shandong Province. We found that the counties in mountainous areas and wetlands, where generally the prefectural-level cities are located with a rapid socioeconomic development, experienced a successive deterioration of ecosystem services especially during the 2000s. Finally, three conservation strategies for managing and improving ecosystem services were proposed and discussed with the aim of achieving coordinate and sustainable development of the socioeconomy, environment, and ecosystems not only in Shandong Province but also in other provinces of China, as well as in other developing and transitional countries and regions.