标题：Passive Multiple Target Indoor Localization Based on Joint Interference Cancellation in an RFID System
作者：Liu, Meng; Ma, Liang; Wang, Na; Zhang, Yajun; Yang, Yang; Wang, Hongjun
作者机构：[Liu, Meng; Ma, Liang; Wang, Na; Zhang, Yajun; Yang, Yang; Wang, Hongjun] Shandong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R 更多
通讯作者：Yang, Y;Wang, HJ
通讯作者地址：[Yang, Y; Wang, HJ]Shandong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：multiple-target; passive indoor localization; interference cancellation;; radio frequency identification (RFID)
摘要：Radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a simple and effective solution to the passive indoor localization. The conventional wisdom about RFID localization is using reference tags. It performs well in tag or passive single target localization. However, in the passive multiple target scenario, reference tag based localization suffers from some limitations, including the array aperture, mutual coupling of reference tags, and coherent superimposition signals. These problems are harmless and ignored in tag or passive single target localization, but degrade the performance severely in passive multiple target scenario. Therefore, in this paper, the authors propose a joint interference cancellation method to mitigate the effect of these limitations. Uniform circular array (UCA) of reference tags were used to reduce the interference of the array aperture. A carefully designed relative position of adjacent reference tags and a modified channel model were combined to reduce the mutual coupling. A virtual distributed reader antenna array was used to reduce the false positive and false negative estimations. The system was evaluated in real indoor environment using noodles and colas as targets and can work well in a smoky environment that is similar to some real industrial environments. The accuracy of target number estimation is 97.5%. The spatial resolution is about 30 cm, and the median error of 2-D multiple target localization is about 5.5 cm.