标题：Study on follicular fluid metabolomics components at different ages based on lipid metabolism
作者：Zhang, Xingxing; Wang, Tianqi; Song, Jingyan; Deng, Jifeng; Sun, Zhengao
作者机构：[Zhang, Xingxing] Matern & Child Hlth Care ZaoZhuang, Zaozhuang 277100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Tianqi] Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, 更多
通讯作者地址：Sun, ZG (corresponding author), Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Affiliated Hosp, Reprod & Genet Ctr Integrated Tradit & Western Me, Jinan 250011, Pe 更多
来源：REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY
关键词：Age; Oocytes; Lipid metabolism; Follicular fluid; Metabolomics
摘要：Background Follicular fluid is an important external environment for the growth and development of oocytes. A thorough identification of specific components in follicular fluid can better the existing understand of intracellular signal transduction and reveal potential biomarkers of oocyte health in women undergoing assisted reproductive therapy. To study on follicular fluid metabolomics components at different ages based on lipid metabolism, we have adopted a new method of SWATH to MRM(the sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra to multiple reaction monitor)metabolomics to provide extensive coverage and excellent quantitative data. This was done to investigate the differences in follicular fluid of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer in different age groups and to further explore the relationship between follicular fluid, age and reproductive function. Method A combination of Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry techniques were used to analyze the follicular fluid of 230 patients enrolled for the IVF cycle. The patients were of different ages grouped into two groups:the younger and older patients.The obtained multidimensional chromatographic data were processed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The charge ratios and mass numbers enabled for the identification of different fragments in the samples. Matching information obtained through database search and the fragment information obtained by fragment ion scan structurally identified substances in the samples. This was used to determine the differential compounds. Results The quality of oocytes decline with age,and the lipid composition in follicular fluid also changes,The lipid metabolism that changes with age may be related to the quality of oocytes.The main differences were in lipid metabolites. Some were up-regulated: Arachidonate, LysoPC(16:1), LysoPC(20:4) and LysoPC(20:3) while others were down-regulated: LysoPC(18:3) and LysoPC(18:1). Conclusions Metabolomic analysis of follicular fluid revealed that with the increase in age, several differential metabolites are at play. Among these metabolites, lipid metabolism undergoes significant changes that affect the development of oocytes thus causing reduced fertility in older women. These differential metabolites related to follicular development may provide possible detection and treatment targets for promoting oocyte health, and provide scientific basis for understanding the environment of oocyte development.