标题：Bacterial community shaped by heavy metals and contributing to health risks in cornfields
作者：Cui, Han; Liu, Le-Le; Dai, Jie-Rui; Yu, Xiao-Na; Guo, Xiao; Yi, Shi-Jie; Zhou, Da -You; Guo, Wei-Hua; Du, Ning
作者机构：[Cui, Han; Liu, Le-Le; Yu, Xiao-Na; Yi, Shi-Jie; Zhou, Da -You; Guo, Wei-Hua; Du, Ning] Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Inst Ecol & Biodivers, Qingdao 26 更多
通讯作者地址：[Du, N]Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Inst Ecol & Biodivers, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China.
来源：ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
关键词：16S rRNA; Bacterial richness; Hazard quotients; Heavy metal; Redundancy; analysis
摘要：Scientists are increasingly aware that heavy metal contamination in soils, especially in farmland ecosystems, can negatively affect human health and alter the bacterial community that plays a critical role in plant growth and heavy metal accumulation. The goal of the present paper was to uncover how various heavy metals and non-metallic elements affect human health and bacterial diversity in cornfields and to explore the contribution of soil bacteria to heavy metal accumulation in crops. Soil samples were collected from five counties in Shandong Province, China, where abnormally high levels of heavy metals and metalloids were caused by mining and heavy industry. We calculated a hazard quotient (HQ) to evaluate the health risk these heavy metals cause and analyzed the soil bacterial community using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The HQ results showed that As posed the greatest threat to human health followed by Pb although concentrations of all metals did not reach the health risk threshold. Meanwhile, principal component analysis (PCA) and redundancy analysis (RDA) revealed soil bacterial richness was significantly influenced by As, Ni, and Cr as well as pH and phosphorus, but not by the species diversity of aboveground weeds. The most abundant bacteria in our study region were heavy metal tolerant groups, specifically Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria. Moreover, correlation analysis suggested that Actinobacteria might reduce the phytoaccumulation of Cr, Cu, Zn, and Hg in corn, while Proteobacteria might weaken phytoaccumulation of Pb, Ni, As, and Cd. Our results verified that heavy metals play an important role in shaping the soil bacterial community. Using native bacteria in farmland provides a potential biological strategy for reducing the health risk posed by heavy metals related to food consumption.