标题：MicroRNA-146b-3p Promotes Cell Metastasis by Directly Targeting NF2 in Human Papillary Thyroid Cancer
作者：Yu, Chunxiao; Zhang, Li; Luo, Dandan; Yan, Fang; Liu, Jia; Shao, Shanshan; Zhao, Lifang; Jin, Tong; Zhao, Jiajun; Gao, Ling
作者机构：[Yu, Chunxiao; Zhang, Li; Luo, Dandan; Liu, Jia; Shao, Shanshan; Zhao, Lifang; Zhao, Jiajun; Gao, Ling] Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Key Lab Endocrino 更多
通讯作者：Yu, CX;Gao, L
通讯作者地址：[Yu, CX; Gao, L]Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, 324 Jing 5 Rd, Jinan 2500021, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：PTC; miR-146b-5p; miR-146b-3p; metastasis; NF2
摘要：Background: MiR-146b has been reported to be overexpressed in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) tissues and associated with aggressive PTC. MiR-146b is regarded as a relevant diagnostic marker for this type of cancer. MiR-146b-5p has been confirmed to increase cell proliferation by repressing SMAD4. However, detailed functional analysis of another mature form of miR-146b, miR-146b-3p, has not been carried out. This study aimed to identify the differential expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-146b-3p in more aggressive PTC associated with lymph node metastasis, and further elucidate the contribution and mechanism of miR-146b-3p in the process of PTC metastasis.; Methods: Expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-146b-3p was assessed in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples from PTC patients, and the relationship with lymph node metastasis was analyzed. A variety of PTC cells, including BHP10-3, BHP10-3SC(mice), and K1 cells, were cultured and treated with miR-146b-5p or miR-146b-3p mimics/inhibitors. The cell migration and invasion abilities were characterized by the real-time cell analyzer assay and Transwell assay. PTC xenograft models were used to examine the effect of miR-146b-3p on PTC metastatic ability in vivo. Direct downstream targets of miR-146b-3p were analyzed by luciferase reporter assay and Western blotting. The mechanism by which miR-146b-3p affects cell metastasis was further characterized by co-transfection with merlin, the protein product of the NF2 gene.; Results: MiR-146b-5p and miR-146b-3p expression was significantly higher in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines than in normal thyroid tissue and cells. Moreover, expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-146b-3p was further increased in thyroid metastatic nodes than in thyroid cancer. After overexpression of miR-146b-5p or miR-146b-3p in BHP10-3 or K1 cells, PTC migration and invasion were increased. Notably, miR-146b-3p increased cell migration and invasion more obviously than did miR-146b-5p. Overexpression of miR-146b-3p also significantly promoted PTC tumor metastasis in vivo. Luciferase reporter assay results revealed that NF2 is a downstream target of miR-146b-3p in PTC cells, as miR-146b-3p bound directly to the 3 untranslated region of NF2, thus reducing protein levels of NF2. Overexpression of merlin reversed the enhanced aggressive effects of miR-146b-3p.; Conclusions: Overexpression of miR-146b-5p and miR-146b-3p is associated with PTC metastasis. MiR-146b-3p enhances cell invasion and metastasis more obviously than miR-146b-5p through the suppression of the NF2 gene. These findings suggest a potential diagnostic and therapeutic value of these miRNAs in PTC metastasis.