标题：Multiple Group Decision Making for Selecting Emergency Alternatives: A Novel Method Based on the LDWPA Operator and LD-MABAC
作者：Liang, Xia; Teng, Fei; Sun, Yan
作者机构：[Liang, Xia; Teng, Fei; Sun, Yan] Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Management Sci & Engn, Jinan 250014, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：Sun, Y (corresponding author), Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Management Sci & Engn, Jinan 250014, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
关键词：emergency decision; multiple groups; linguistic distribution; prior; criteria
摘要：When an emergency event occurs, it is critical to respond in the shortest possible time. Therefore, the rationality and effectiveness of emergency decisions are the key links in emergency management. In this paper, with aims to investigate the problem of emergency alternatives selection, in which a large number of experts from multiple groups consider the linguistic evaluations of emergency alternatives and prior orders of criteria, a novel emergency decision method is proposed. First, many experts from multiple subgroups are employed to evaluate the emergency alternatives associated with multiple criteria in the format of linguistic terms. Then, linguistic distribution evaluations for the emergency alternatives of the criteria associated with each subgroup are constructed. With respect to the linguistic distribution evaluations associated with the different subgroups, the linguistic distribution power average (LDPA) and linguistic distribution weighted power average (LDWPA) operators are developed so as to aggregate the subgroups' evaluations. Next, based on the linguistic distribution multi-attributive border approximation area comparison (LD-MABAC) method, the distance matrix of the emergency alternatives is calculated. Furthermore, the prior weights of the criteria are determined based on the distance values. Finally, the ranking result of the emergency alternatives is derived. A practical example of emergency alternatives selection is adopted to illustrate the availability and practicability of the proposed method.