标题：Ultrafine Co1-xS nanoparticles embedded in a nitrogen-doped porous carbon hollow nanosphere composite as an anode for superb sodium-ion batteries and lithium-ion batteries
作者：Dong, Caifu; Guo, Lijun; He, Yanyan; Shang, Limei; Qian, Yitai; Xu, Liqiang
作者机构：[Dong, Caifu; Guo, Lijun; He, Yanyan; Shang, Limei; Qian, Yitai; Xu, Liqiang] Shandong Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Jinan 2501 更多
通讯作者地址：[Qian, YT; Xu, LQ]Shandong Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Qian, YT; Xu, LQ]Shandong Uni 更多
摘要：Cobalt sulfides are attractive as intriguing candidates for anodes in SIBs and LIBs owing to their unique chemical and physical properties. In this study, a precursor of Co1-xS with a uniform and hollow nanospherical architecture is obtained with a high yield via a mild solvothermal method in the presence of 2-methylimidazole at first. Then, Co1-xS, Co1-xS/C (ultrafine Co1-xS nanoparticles embedded in the shells of the nitrogen-doped porous carbon hollow nanosphere), and Co1-xS@C (Co1-xS nanoparticles entirely covered by an external amorphous carbon layer) were selectively fabricated via direct calcination or PPy coating & calcination of the obtained precursor. Co1-xS/C shows best electrochemical performance than the other two materials as anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Besides the excellent rate performance, a high reversible discharge capacity of 320 mA g(-1) can be retained after 130 cycles at 1 A g(-1). The impressive performance may be attributed to the unique structure, higher conductivity, and more active sites of Co1-xS/C. In addition, 559 mA hg(-1) was maintained after 100 cycles at 500 mA g(-1) when the Co1-xS/C composite was applied as an anode in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The high reversible capacity, excellent cycle stability combined with the facile synthesis procedure render Co1-xS/C a prospective anode material for rechargeable batteries.