标题：Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm Associated with Vertebral Artery: Biomedical Glue-Coated Teflon Sling Transposition Technique
作者：Jiang, Xiaofeng; Wu, Min; Fu, Xianming; Niu, Chaoshi; He, Fang; Sun, Kegui; Zhuang, Hongxia
作者机构：[Jiang, Xiaofeng; Wu, Min; Fu, Xianming; Niu, Chaoshi; Zhuang, Hongxia] Anhui Prov Hosp, Affiliated Hosp USTC 1, Dept Neurosurg, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples 更多
通讯作者：Niu, CS;Niu, CS;Niu, CS;Niu, CS;Niu, CS
通讯作者地址：[Niu, CS]Anhui Prov Hosp, Affiliated Hosp USTC 1, Dept Neurosurg, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China;[Niu, CS]Shandong Univ, Sch Med, Jinan, Shandong, Peop 更多
关键词：Abnormal muscle response; Biomedical glue sling technique; Brainstem; auditory evoked potential; Hemifacial spasm; Microvascular; decompression; Neurovascular conflict; Vertebral artery
摘要：BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression is the most effective treatment for hemifacial spasm. However, when encountering hemifacial spasm associated with vertebral artery (VA), the procedure is more challenging and requires complicated operation techniques. The authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of this group of cases and investigated reasonable transposition procedures for different anatomic classifications.; METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 117 cases that underwent their first microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm between June 2010 and December 2016, which had all associated with vertebral artery compression diagnosed by preoperational radiology examination. The study first classified offending vessels into 3 types according to operative anatomy and designed personalized decompression management according to different forms of neurovascular conflict. Curative effects and complications were assessed.; RESULTS: The offending vessels were artificially divided into 3 types according to both arterial pattern and compression direction: 1) ipsilateral VA plus anterior inferior cerebellar artery compressing the facial nerve from the ventrolateral direction in 72 (61.5%) cases; 2) ipsilateral VA plus posterior inferior cerebellar artery compressing the facial nerve from the caudal-medial direction in 31 (26.5%) cases; 3) bilateral VA compressing the facial nerve in 14 (12.0%) cases. We selected corridors to expose the neurovascular conflict site between the suprafloccular-transhorizontal fissure approach and subtonsillar-transcerebellomedullary fissure approach. The methods of decompression consist of anteromedial and posterolateral transposition by using biomedical glue- coated Teflon sling. Sufficient decompression of the offending vessels was safely performed in all cases. All cases had total relief of symptoms immediately after their operations. Follow-up periods ranged from 16-90 months, and total recovery occurred in 110 cases (94.0%). In 7 cases (6.0%), 90% recovery occurred.; CONCLUSIONS: Accuracy and comprehensive recognition of anatomic features of the offending vessels are crucial for the management of hemifacial spasm associated with vertebral artery compression. Appropriate approaches combined with the biomedical glue-coated Teflon sling transposition technique can allow adequate mobilization of the vertebral artery and bring complete postoperative symptom relief for most cases.