标题：Mechanical and thermal properties of conventional and microcellular injection molded poly (lactic acid)/poly (Ε-caprolactone) blends
作者：Zhao, Haibin ;Zhao, Guoqun
作者机构：[Zhao, Haibin ;Zhao, Guoqun ] Key Lab. for Liquid-Solid Structural Evolution and Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials 更多
来源：Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
摘要：In view of their complementary properties, blending polylactide (PLA) with poly (Ε-caprolactone) (PCL) becomes a good choice to improve PLA's properties without compromising its biodegradability. A series of blends of biodegradable PLA and PCL with different mass fraction were prepared by melt mixing. Standard tensile bars were produced by both conventional and microcellular injection molding to study their mechanical and thermal properties. With the increase in PCL content, the blend showed decreased tensile strength and modulus; however, elongation was dramatically increased. With the addition of PCL, the failure mode changed from brittle fracture of the neat PLA to ductile fracture of the blend as demonstrated by tensile test. Various theoretical models based on dispersion and interface adhesion were used to predict the Young's modulus and the results shows the experimental data are consistent with the predictions of the foam model and Kerner-Uemura-Takayangi model. The thermal behavior of the blends was investigated by DSC and TGA. The melting temperature and the degree of crystallinity of PCL in the PLA/PCL did not significantly change with the PCL content increasing in the whole range of blends composition.
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.