标题：Correlation between Soluble α -Klotho and Renal Function in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review and Meta-Analysis
作者：Wang Q.; Su W.; Shen Z.; Wang R.
作者机构：[Wang, Q] Department of Nephrology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China;[ Su, W] Department of Nephrology, Sh 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, R] Department of Nephrology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong UniversityChina;
来源：BioMed Research International
摘要：Objective. Over decades, numerous inconsistent studies are reported on the relationship between soluble α-Klotho and renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aims to perform a meta-analysis to figure out the correlations between soluble α-Klotho and renal function in patients with CKD. Materials and Methods. We searched medical and scientific literature databases, PubMed and EMBASE (from the inception to October 2017), for publications that reported studies on associations between soluble α-Klotho and renal function in patients with CKD. Only publications in English were extracted. Summary correlation coefficient (r) values were extracted from each study, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Publication bias was tested, and sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed to investigate potential heterogeneity. Results. Of 611 studies, 9 publications with 1457 patients were included into the analysis. The following data were extracted from the literature: first author, year of publication, research region, research index, sample size, average age and Pearson or Spearman correlation coefficient, study design, the αKlotho/FGF23 assays utilized, full length, or the C-terminal fragment of FGF23. The pooled r between α-Klotho and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), FGF-23 were 0.35 (95%CI, 0.230.46, and P<0.05), -0.10 (95%CI, -0.19-0.01, and P<0.05) with remarkable significance, indicating moderate heterogeneity. There was no significant heterogeneity between subgroups in analyses of α-Klotho and eGFR stratified by research region, mean age, and eGFR, but heterogeneity exists in analyses of α-Klotho and FGF-23 stratified by research region. There was no significant correlation between a-klotho and Ca and PTH and PHOS. There was no evidence of publication bias with Egger's test (p=0.360) or with Begg's test (p=0.902) and the distribution of funnel plots was symmetrical in all of our analysis. Conclusions. There exists a significant positive correlation between soluble α-Klotho and eGFR in patients with CKD. Also, a significant negative correlation between α-Klotho and FGF23 levels is proven. This raises hope to employ αKlotho and FGF23 as early biomarkers of CKD. However, further large prospective follow-up researches are needed to validate this hypothesis and to explore whether maintaining or elevating the Klotho level could improve renal function and complications in CKD patients. © 2018 Qinglian Wang et al.