标题：Chinese herbal medicine formula for acute asthma: A multi-center, randomized, double-blind, proof-of-concept trial
作者：Zhang, Hong Ping; Wang, Lei; Wang, Zhen; Xu, Xian Rong; Zhou, Xian Mei; Liu, Gang; He, Lv Yuan; Wang, Jun; Hsu, Alan; Li, Wei Min; 更多 作者机构：[Zhang, Hong Ping; Wang, Lei; Wang, Gang] Sichuan Univ, Dept Integrated Tradit Chinese & Western Med, West China Hosp,State Key Lab Biotherapy, Collab 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, G]Sichuan Univ, West China Hosp, Dept Integrated Tradit Chinese & Western Med, Dept Resp & Crit Care Med,Pneumol Grp, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, 更多
关键词：Chinese herbal medicine formula; Acute asthma; Randomized controlled; trial; Inflammatory cytokines; Proof-of-concept
摘要：Background: Despite advances in asthma management, exacerbations constitute a significant health economic burden.; Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine formula entitled PingchuanYiqi (PCYQ) granule, on acute asthma and to explore its possible mechanism.; Materials and methods: This proof-of-concept study consisted of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with acute asthma (n=300). Participants with acute mild-to-moderate asthma recruited from seven centers in China were randomly assigned to receive PCYQ or placebo. The primary outcomes were PEF (L/min) and total asthma symptom scores. Furthermore, a panel of cytokines including serum IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1 beta, IL-17A, IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, IFN-gamma, CRP, CCL-5, IP-10, and PGD(2) levels was detected using ELISA.; Results: The PCYQ (n=139) significantly improved the morning PEF on day 4 (349.73 +/- 93.92 vs. 313.56 +/- 92.91 L/min, P=0.004) and day 7 (360.42 +/- 94.39 vs. 329.52 +/- 95.97 L/min, P=0.023), and the evening PEF on day 4 (352.65 +/- 95.47 vs. 320.58 +/- 95.30 L/min, P=0.012) and day 7 (360.42 +/- 94.39 vs. 336.86 +/- 95.59 L/min, P=0.029) in comparison with the placebo (n=143). The PCYQ also improved the clinical symptoms scores and reduced the puffs of short-acting beta(2)-agonist (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the PCYQ statistically reduced IL-5, IL-8, IL-1 beta and PGD(2) in serum.; Conclusion: The PCYQ as the Chinese herbal medicine formula significantly improves lung function and symptoms of acute asthma, and reduces SABA dosage possibly via decrease of inflammatory biomarkers such as IL-5, IL-8, IL-1 beta and PGD(2).