标题：Cloning and functional characterization of thioredoxin gene from kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus
作者：Guo, Ning-ning; Sun, Xue-jun; Xie, Ya-kai; Yang, Gui-wen; Kang, Cui-jie
作者机构：[Guo, Ning-ning; Sun, Xue-jun; Xie, Ya-kai; Kang, Cui-jie] Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Shandong Prov Key Lab Anim Cells & Dev Biol, 72 Jimo Binhai Rd 更多
通讯作者地址：[Kang, CJ]Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Shandong Prov Key Lab Anim Cells & Dev Biol, 72 Jimo Binhai Rd, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
关键词：Thioredoxin; Shrimp; White spot syndrome virus (WSSV); Disulfide; reductase activity; Marsupenaeus japonicus; Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
摘要：As an important disulfide reductase of the intracellular antioxidant system, Thioredoxin (Trx) plays an important role in maintaining oxidative stress balance and protecting cells from oxidative damage. In recent years, there is increasing evidence that Trx is a key molecule in the pathogenesis of various diseases and a potential therapeutic target for major diseases including lung, colon, cervical, gastric and pancreatic cancer. However, few knowledge is known about the function of Trx in virus infection. In this study, we reported the cloning and functional investigation of a Trx homologue gene, named MjTrx, in shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus suffered white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. MjTrx is a 105-amino acid polypeptide with a conservative Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys motif in the catalytic center. Phylogenetic trees analysis showed that MjTrx has a higher relationship with Trx from other invertebrate and clustered with Trx1 from arthropod. MjTrx transcripts is abundant in the gill and intestine tissues and can be detected in the hemocytes, heart, stomach, and hepatopancreas tissues. The transcription levels of MjTrx in hemocytes, gills and intestine tissues of shrimp were significantly up-regulated after white spot syndrome virus infection. MjTrx was recombinant expressed in vitro and exhibited obvious disulfide reductase activity. In addition, overexpression MjTrx in shrimp resulted in the increase of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration in vivo. All these results strongly suggested that MjTrx functioned in redox homeostasis regulating and played an important role in shrimp antiviral immunity.