标题：Hydrophilic Fullerene Derivative Doping in Active Layer and Electron Transport Layer for Enhancing Oxygen Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells
作者：Xu, Guiying; Wang, Shuhui; Bi, Pengqing; Chen, Haiyang; Zhang, Moyao; Xue, Rongming; Hao, Xiaotao; Wang, Zhaokui; Li, Yaowen; Li, Yo 更多 作者机构：[Xu, Guiying; Wang, Shuhui; Chen, Haiyang; Zhang, Moyao; Xue, Rongming; Li, Yaowen; Li, Yongfang] Soochow Univ, Coll Chem Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Lab Adv 更多
通讯作者：Li, Yaowen;Li, YW
通讯作者地址：[Li, YW]Soochow Univ, Coll Chem Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Lab Adv Optoelect Mat, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China.
关键词：ambient stability; electron transfer; extraction; oxygen stability;; perovskite solar cells; superoxides
摘要：Poor stability is one of the main limiting factors for the commercialization of perovskite solar cells (pero-SCs). The degradation of perovskite films is usually triggered by the reaction of the perovskite active layer with the superoxide when exposed in ambient atmosphere, which is not prevented by simple encapsulation. Herein, an oxygen-stabilizing effect is found by utilizing a hydrophilic [6,6]-phenyl-C-61-butyric acid-(3,4,5-tris(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)phenyl)methanol ester (PCBB-OEG) as a dopant of the perovskite film and electron-transporting layer (ETL). PCBB-OEG accelerates photoelectron transport in perovskite films and enhances the electron-extracting ability of ETL. This process is demonstrated to efficiently prevent the reaction between electrons and oxygen to form a superoxide. Hence, the presence of PCBB-OEG in the perovskite film improves its stability against oxygen. The stability and efficiency of pero-SCs are further improved by doping PCBB-OEG in [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) ETL. As a result, the p-i-n pero-SCs with PCBB-OEG as an additive in both the perovskite active layer and ETL show the best power conversion efficiency of 20.49%. Importantly, the related device retains 98% of this initial efficiency after 60 days of storage in ambient atmosphere without encapsulation.