标题：Associations between individual and environmental factors and habitual physical activity among older Chinese adults: A social-ecological perspective
作者：Yi, Xiangren; Pope, Zachary; Gao, Zan; Wang, Shumei; Pan, Fang; Yan, Jingpeng; Liu, Meng; Wu, Peipei; Xu, Jingjing; Wang, Rui
作者机构：[Yi, X] School of Physical Education, Shandong University, Jinan, 250061, China;[ Pope, Z] School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yi, XR]Shandong Univ, Sch Phys Educ, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
关键词：Exercise;Interpersonal resources;Intrapersonal resources;Older adults;Physical activity;Social-ecological
摘要：Purpose: To examine, within a social–ecological framework, associations between multifaceted individual and environmental factors and habitual physical activity (HPA) among older Chinese adults. Methods: Through a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods, a survey instrument assessing various factors underlying 3 social–ecological dimensions of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and community and environmental resources was developed. Using a cross-sectional design, older adults (n=1580, aged 67 ± 7 years) recruited from 10 communities in Shandong province completed the social–ecological survey of HPA. Data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares Path Modeling. Results: Factors related to intrapersonal (medical knowledge, motivation, physical function, sport skills, socioeconomic status, and education), interpersonal (social support, social activity, and social norms), and community and physical environmental resources (safety, capacity, availability of and access to physical activity facilities) were found to be significantly associated with older adults’ participation in HPA. Conclusion: The findings provide an initial validation of a social–ecological approach to the study of HPA in China, suggesting that strategies aimed at promoting physical activity in older adults should address multiple levels of factors that may contribute to the likelihood of older Chinese adults being physically active. ? 2016 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).