标题：A Comprehensive Review of Smart Energy Meters in Intelligent Energy Networks
作者：Sun, Qie; Li, Hailong; Ma, Zhanyu; Wang, Chao; Campillo, Javier; Zhang, Qi; Wallin, Fredrik; Guo, Jun
作者机构：[Sun, Qie] Shandong Univ, Inst Thermal Sci & Technol, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.; [Li, Hailong; Campillo, Javier; Wallin, Fredrik] Malardalen Un 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, HL]Malardalen Univ, Future Energy Ctr, S-18750 Vasteras, Sweden;[Ma, ZY]Beijing Univ Posts & Telecommun, Pattern Recognit & Intelligent Syst Lab, 更多
来源：IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL
关键词：District heating (DH) network; intelligent energy networks (IENs);; natural gas (NG) network; smart gas meter; smart grid; smart heat meter;; smart meter
摘要：The significant increase in energy consumption and the rapid development of renewable energy, such as solar power and wind power, have brought huge challenges to energy security and the environment, which, in the meantime, stimulate the development of energy networks toward a more intelligent direction. Smart meters are the most fundamental components in the intelligent energy networks (IENs). In addition to measuring energy flows, smart energy meters can exchange the information on energy consumption and the status of energy networks between utility companies and consumers. Furthermore, smart energy meters can also be used to monitor and control home appliances and other devices according to the individual consumer's instruction. This paper systematically reviews the development and deployment of smart energy meters, including smart electricity-meters, smart heat meters, and smart gas meters. By examining various functions and applications of smart energy meters, as well as associated benefits and costs, this paper provides insights and guidelines regarding the future development of smart meters.