标题：On Downlink NOMA in heterogeneous networks with non-uniform small cell deployment
作者：Han, Tao ;Gong, Jie ;Liu, Xiong ;Islam, S. M. Riazul ;Li, Qiang ;Bai, Zhiquan ;Kwak, Kyung Sup
作者机构：[Han, Tao ;Gong, Jie ;Liu, Xiong ;Li, Qiang ] School of Electronic Information and Communications, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuha 更多
关键词：achievable rate; coverage probability; heterogeneous network; Non-orthogonal multiple access
摘要：Compared to orthogonal multiple access (OMA), non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) can achieve higher spectral efficiency by exploiting the power domain multiplexing. In this paper, we investigate the performance of NOMA in a two-tier heterogeneous network (HetNet) with non-uniform small cell deployment, where critical performance metrics like coverage probability and achievable rate are analyzed. First, a NOMA-based HetNet model is established, where users are paired based on the proposed user pairing scheme. Then the distribution of the order statistics for the distances between different NOMA users and the serving base station (BS) is presented considering the channel qualities from the NOMA users to the BSs. On this basis, we analytically demonstrate the impact of various network parameters on the coverage probability and achievable rate of NOMA users, such as signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio threshold and BS density. Furthermore, an analysis is presented to provide insight into the energy efficiency of the considered system. Finally, extensive simulation and comparisons are conducted, which validate the advantages of NOMA over OMA in the considered HetNet environment. © 2013 IEEE.