标题：Local image quality measurement for multi-scale forensic palmprints
作者：Hao Fanchang; Chang Xu; Yang Gongping; Yang Lu; Li Chengdong; Li Chenglong; Xia Chuanliang
作者机构：[Hao Fanchang; Li Chenglong; Xia Chuanliang] Shandong Jianzhu Univ, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Jinan 250101, Peoples R China.; [Chang Xu] Shandong Univ 更多
通讯作者地址：[Hao, FC]Shandong Jianzhu Univ, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Jinan 250101, Peoples R China.
来源：MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS
关键词：Forensic palmprint; Image quality; Measurement; Convolutional neural; networks; Supervised classification
摘要：Numerous studies show that palmprint image quality has a significant effect on every stage of a palmprint recognition system. Although some palmprint image quality measurement(PIQM) methods are proposed, some insufficiency in classification accuracy occurs and attention to detail in measuring local area image quality of multi-scale palmprint images is lacking. On the one hand, the classification accuracy is not very high for 2-class classification and it degrades significantly as the number of classes increases. On the other hand, local area image quality measurement of multi-scale palmprint images has not yet been resolved since the handcrafted features designed through domain knowledge usually works for certain scale image blocks. Meanwhile, the intricate domain knowledge used in the previous methods is difficult for some common users to acquire. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end deep-learning method of strengthening representation ability that learns more abstract, essential, and reliable features to measure the local image quality for multi-scale forensic palmprints. Popular convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are considered because of their powerful representation ability in learning complex features. However, the powerful existing CNNs usually have complex architectures with a large amount of parameters, which need the support of high-performance computers. They are not suitable to be used directly for palmprint image quality assignment and the follow-up palmprint recognition work, which prefers real-time response on commonly available personal computers or even mobile devices. Hence, a new lightweight CNN must be designed to achieve a trade-off between high classification accuracy and practical usability. Considering the attributes of under-processed input images, we reduce the weight of the CNN architecture by reducing the amount of some parameters, and finally a lightweight CNN is designed. As a result, a raw rectangular palmprint image of variable size can be put into the trained model directly and a quality label quickly predicted with high accuracy. After comparison with previous methods, results show that the proposed method can deal with un-pre-processed raw images of a multi-scale input size. Furthermore, it can acquire a richer amount of quality classes with a higher accuracy, which are stable on many different datasets. It also leads to finer and more precise full palmprint image quality maps when compared to previous methods.