标题：The economic returns to proficiency in English in China
作者：Wang, Haining; Smyth, Russell; Cheng, Zhiming
作者机构：[Wang, Haining] Shandong Univ, Ctr Econ Res, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Haining] Shandong Univ, Inst Studies Cty Dev, Jinan 25 更多
通讯作者地址：[Cheng, ZM]Macquarie Univ, Ctr Hlth Econ, N Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia.
来源：CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW
关键词：China; English proficiency; Education; Wage; Human capital
摘要：We examine economic returns to proficiency in English in China using two waves of the China Labor-Force Dynamics Survey (CLDS). We find positive earnings returns to proficiency in English. We find considerable heterogeneity in the economic returns to proficiency in English across age groups, coastal and inland provinces, levels of education and occupation. We find that the returns to proficiency in English are higher in the coastal region, higher for women and evidence of education-language and skill-language complementarity. We also see differences in the economic returns to English between urban and rural residents and between rural-urban migrants and urban locals. Our findings help to explain why the demand for learning English is so high in China, as well as having implications for the Chinese government at a time when it is re-evaluating the importance attached to learning English in the curriculum. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.