标题：AMP-activated protein kinase rescues the angiogenic functions of endothelial progenitor cells via manganese superoxide dismutase induction in type 1 diabetes
作者：Wang, Xiao-Rong; Zhang, Ming-Wei; Chen, Dan-Dan; Zhang, Yun; Chen, Alex F.
作者机构：[Chen, Alex F.] Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Med, Dept Surg, Vasc Med Inst,McGowan Inst Regenerat Med, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA.; [Wang, Xiao-Rong; Zhang, M 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, AF]Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Med, Dept Surg, Vasc Med Inst,McGowan Inst Regenerat Med, W1148 Biomed Sci Tower,200 Lothrop St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 U 更多
来源：AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
关键词：protein phosphatase 2A; angiogenesis; oxidase stress
摘要：Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an essential role in angiogenesis but are functionally impaired in diabetes. We recently reported that decreased expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) critically contributes to diabetic EPC dysfunction. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation has been shown to induce MnSOD and suppress hyperglycemia-induced mitochondrial ROS production in endothelial cells. However, whether AMPK protects EPCs from oxidative stress in diabetes is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that AMPK activation rescues impaired EPC functions through MnSOD induction in type 1 diabetes. Bone marrow-derived EPCs from adult male streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and normal controls were used. AMPK activity was decreased in diabetic EPCs, indicated by reduced AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase phosphorylation. AMPK activation by treating diabetic EPCs with its selective agonist AICAR rescued their in vitro functions, including Matrigel tube formation, adhesion, and migration. Furthermore, AICAR restored the decreased MnSOD protein and enzymatic activity and suppressed the mitochondrial superoxide level in diabetic EPCs, indicated by MitoSOX flow cytometry. These beneficial effects of AICAR on MnSOD and EPC functions were significantly attenuated by silencing MnSOD or AMPK antagonist compound C pretreatment. Finally, the expression of protein phosphatase 2A, a key enzyme for AMPK dephosphorylation and inactivation, was increased in diabetic EPCs, and its inhibition by siRNA or okadaic acid reversed the deficient AMPK activation and MnSOD level in diabetic EPCs. These findings demonstrate for the first time that AMPK activation rescues impaired EPC functions and suppresses mitochondrial superoxide by inducing MnSOD in type 1 diabetes.