标题：Inhibitory effects of Mycoepoxydiene on macrophage foam cell formation and atherosclerosis in ApoE-deficient mice
作者：Xia, Xiaochun; Li, Yang; Su, Qiang; Huang, Zhengrong; Shen, Yuemao; Li, Weihua; Yu, Chundong
作者机构：[Xia, Xiaochun; Huang, Zhengrong; Li, Weihua] Xiamen Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China.; [Li, Yang; Yu, Chundong] Xiam 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, WH]Xiamen Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China.
来源：CELL AND BIOSCIENCE
关键词：Mycoepoxydiene; ox-LDL; Macrophage; Foam cell; Atherosclerosis
摘要：Background: Mycoepoxydiene (MED) is a polyketide that can be isolated from a marine fungus and is associated with various activities, including antitumor and anti-inflammatory functions. However, its effects on atherosclerosis remain unknown. Macrophage-derived foam cells play crucial roles in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic plaques. In this study, we investigated the effects of MED on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced macrophage foam cell formation and activation, and on high fat diet (HFD)-induced atherosclerosis in ApoE-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice.; Results: Our findings show that MED could significantly inhibit ox-LDL-induced macrophage foam cell formation and suppress the expression of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), which is a receptor for ox-LDL. Additionally, MED could significantly inhibit the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1 beta. Mechanistically, MED inhibited NF-kappa B activation by blocking I kappa B-alpha degradation and reducing NF-kappa B DNA binding activity. Moreover, MED dramatically reduced the occurrence of HFD-induced atherosclerotic lesions in ApoE(-/-) mice.; Conclusions: Our study shows that MED can inhibit macrophage foam cell formation and activation by inhibiting NF-kappa B activation, thereby protecting ApoE(-/-) mice from HFD-induced atherosclerosis. Our findings suggest that MED might be a potential lead compound for the development of antiatherosclerotic therapeutics.