标题： miR-15a-5p levels correlate with poor ovarian response in human follicular fluid.
作者： Zhang, Kaiyue; Zhong, Wanxia; Li, Wei-Ping; Chen, Zijiang; Zhang, Cong
作者机构：[ Zhang, Kaiyue; Zhang K] K Zhang, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai J 更多
来源： Reproduction (Cambridge, England)
摘要： Poor ovarian response is a significant problem encountered during in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer procedures. Many infertile women may suffer from poor ovarian response and its incidence tends to be increasing in young patients nowadays. It is a major cause of maternal infertility because it is associated with low pregnancy and live birth rates. However, the cause of poor ovarian response is not clear. In this study, we extracted microRNAs from human follicular fluid and performed miRNA sequencing to investigate a potential posttranscriptional mechanism underlying poor ovarian response. The results showed that many miRNAs were obviously different between the poor ovarian response and non-poor ovarian response groups. We then performed quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction, Western blot analysis and used an in vitro culture system to verify the sequencing results and to study the mechanism. Notably, we found that miRNA-15a-5p was significantly elevated in the young poor ovarian response group. Furthermore, we demonstrated that high levels of miR-15a-5p in the young poor ovarian response group repressed granulosa cell proliferation by regulating the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway and promoted apoptosis through BCL2 and BAD. This could explain the reduced oocyte retrieval number seen in poor ovarian response patients.