标题：Corporate shareholdings and organizational ambidexterity in high-tech SMEs: Evidence from a transitional economy
作者：Eric Gedajlovic;Qing Cao;Hongping Zhang
作者机构：[Gedajlovic, E] Departments of Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Strategy, School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada;[ Cao, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Gedajlovic, E]Simon Fraser Univ, Sch Business, Dept Innovat, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
来源：Journal of business venturing
关键词：chinese SMEs;opportunity identification and evaluation;corporate ownership;decision comprehensiveness;organizational ambidexterity
摘要：As important engines for economic development in transitional nations, high-tech SMEs are confronted with numerous business opportunities, but are at the same time faced with developing institutions and a legacy of government involvement in their domestic environments. We examine the case of Chinese high-tech SMEs and develop a strategic orientation framework distinguishing between exploitation and exploration-type opportunities which accounts for the possibility that managers of such firms may attend to one, both, or neither. We find that shareholdings by top-managers promote a dual \"ambidextrous\" focus on both types, but that governmental share ownership leads to an orientation focusing on neither. We also find that the degree to which these firms utilize comprehensive decision-making processes partially mediates these main effects. Implications regarding the entrepreneurial performance of firms and economies in transitional contexts are discussed.