标题：Life-cycle environmental and economic assessment of sewage sludge treatment in China
作者：Xu, Changqing; Chen, Wei; Hong, Jinglan
作者机构：[Xu, Changqing; Chen, Wei; Hong, Jinglan] Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Prov Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Reso, Jinan 250100, Peo 更多
通讯作者地址：[Hong, JL]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Prov Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Reso, Shanda South Rd 27, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China 更多
来源：JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
关键词：Life-cycle assessment; Life-cycle costing; Anaerobic digestion;; Incineration; Energy recovery; Sewage sludge
摘要：A cost-combined life-cycle assessment was conducted to estimate the environmental and economic burdens of 13 sewage sludge-treatment scenarios in China. Results. showed that anaerobic digestion was a suitable alternative to reduce both environmental and economic burdens because this approach reduced dry mass volume and applied energy recovery. Landfill and incineration technologies had the highest and lowest environmental burdens, respectively. Direct heavy metal emissions generated from landfill and incineration processes contributed significantly to human toxicity and marine ecotoxicity. However, energy recovery from the landfill and incineration stages was important to reduce both environmental and economic burdens. This study indicated that a sewage sludge-treatment scenario with anaerobic digestion, dewatering, and incineration technologies was the most environmentally and economically suitable method to treat sewage sludge because of energy recovery. All new sewage treatment plants should be constructed to operate according to this method, and existing plants should be retrofitted. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.